In recent years, various observers have pointed to the shifting paradigms of cultural and societal participation and economic production in developed nations. These changes are facilitated (although, importantly, not solely driven) by the emergence of new, participatory technologies of information access, knowledge exchange, and content production, many of which are associated with Internet and new media technologies. Such technologies are now frequently described as social software, social media, or Web2.0, but their impact is no longer confined to cyberspace as an environment that is somehow different and separate from "real life": user-led content and knowledge production is increasingly impacting on media, economy, law, social practices, and democracy itself.
Bruns, A. (2011)., Beyond difference, in R. Land & S. Bayne (eds.), Digital difference, Rotterdam, SensePublishers, pp. 133-144.
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