From the metaphysics of the beautiful to the metaphysics of the true
Hölderlin's philosophy in the horizon of poetry
The dense network of positions summarized under the label German Idealism unites not only some of the most significant philosophers of this period, namely Kant, Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel. A number of poets are also part of this constellation, foremost among them Schiller, Goethe, and Hölderlin. Into the same context belongs the Romantic movement with its main philosophers Friedrich von Hardenberg (Novalis), Friedrich Schlegel, and Friedrich Schleiermacher. Together with Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831) and the somewhat younger Friedrich Wilhelm Josef Schelling (1775–1854), Friedrich Hölderlin (1770–1843) pursued first a two-year study of philosophy, followed by a three-year study of theology, which ended in the fall of 1793 (for Schelling in the fall of 1795). Both during this time together in Tübingen and afterwards, the young men worked through Immanuel Kant's new critical philosophy. The Hegel biographer Karl Rosenkranz reports that, in Tübingen, they read "Plato..., Kant, Jacobi's Woldemar and Allwill, the letters concerning Spinoza, and Hippel's life, in ascending order."1 These shared studies, in which Hölderlin participated from the beginning, formed a basis for philosophical discussion.
Waibel, V. L. (2014)., From the metaphysics of the beautiful to the metaphysics of the true: Hölderlin's philosophy in the horizon of poetry, in M. C. Altman (ed.), The Palgrave handbook of German idealism, Dordrecht, Springer, pp. 409-433.
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